Tanzania is one of the more politically stable countries in Africa, and its natural beauty, its national parks, and its game reserves attract many tourists. Its Gross National Income per capita was US$ 860 in 2013. Tanzania has a population of 45 million (2012); 44% are less than 14 years old. There are many ethnic cultures and language groups, and a large number of refugees, primarily from Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC.
The language of primary school instruction (years 1-7) is Kiswahili but at the secondary and post-secondary level, all instruction is in English. Students who do continue to the secondary level face significant challenges.
Burundi is a small, landlocked country in the heart of Africa. Its history of genocide mirrors that of Rwanda. It is among the poorest countries in the world with a GNI per capita of US$155 in 2013. Its population of 10 million is largely rural. Approximately 450,000 people live in the capital city, Bujumbura.
The two major ethnic groups, the Hutus (85%) and the Tutsis (14%) share a common language (Kirundi): the official language and the language of instruction in the public school primary grades. French is Burundi’s second official language. and is the language of instruction throughout secondary school. English is simply taught as a course.
English is recognized as a necessity for Burundi to participate fully in the East African Union and international economics. There are very few English-speaking people and even fewer well-qualified English language teachers.